Heartbleed-Refresh

Le password insicure a causa di Heartbleed: ecco quali cambiare!

Nicola Ligas

Abbiamo avuto già modo di parlare più volte di Heartbleed, il grave bug di OpenSSL scoperto di recente, ma attivo già da un paio di anni, che affligge in parte anche il robottino, in particolare nella versione Android 4.1.1. Purtroppo l’elenco dei siti potenzialmente vulnerabili è molto lungo, e diversi di questi hanno anche una corrispettiva app per Android, pertanto vi raccomandiamo di prendere la cosa molto seriamente, e di cambiare le vostre password in almeno tutti i siti / servizi che andremo a consigliarvi.

Per fortuna le aziende principali hanno già aggiornato i propri server in modo da prevenire ulteriori fughe di informazioni, ma non c’è garanzia che i propri dati non siano già stati trafugati in passato, e per questo è consigliato il cambio di password. Va comunque detto che non ci sono indicazioni che il bug fosse noto prima della scorsa settimana, ma in ogni caso la prudenza non è mai troppa.

LEGGI ANCHECome rilevare se il vostro Android è a rischio Heartbleed

Elenchiamo quindi i servizi principali che siamo convinti molti di voi utilizzeranno anche su Android, suddivisi per categoria, enfatizzando con il neretto quelli per i quali è consigliato il cambio password, con a fianco il commento in lingua originale da parte delle varie aziende in merito. Ripetiamo nuovamente: niente panico, ma meglio spendere un po’ di tempo a cambiare le proprie password, che ritrovarsi un domani con sorprese sgradite.

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

Facebook Non chiaro Si Si “We added protections for Facebook’s implementation of OpenSSL before this issue was publicly disclosed. We haven’t detected any signs of suspicious account activity, but we encourage people to … set up a unique password.”
Instagram Si Si Si “Our security teams worked quickly on a fix and we have no evidence of any accounts being harmed. But because this event impacted many services across the web, we recommend you update your password on Instagram and other sites, particularly if you use the same password on multiple sites.”
LinkedIn No No No “We didn’t use the offending implementation of OpenSSL in www.linkedin.com or www.slideshare.net. As a result, HeartBleed does not present a risk to these web properties.”
Pinterest Si Si Si “We fixed the issue on Pinterest.com, and didn’t find any evidence of mischief. To be extra careful, we e-mailed Pinners who may have been impacted, and encouraged them to change their passwords.”
Tumblr Si Si Si “We have no evidence of any breach and, like most networks, our team took immediate action to fix the issue.”
Twitter No Si Non chiaro Twitter wrote that OpenSSL “is widely used across the internet and at Twitter. We were able to determine that [our] servers were not affected by this vulnerability. We are continuing to monitor the situation.” While reiterating that they were unaffected, Twitter told Mashable that they did apply a patch.

Altre aziende famose

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

Apple No No No “iOS and OS X never incorporated the vulnerable software and key web-based services were not affected.”
Amazon No No No “Amazon.com is not affected.”
Google Si Si Si “We have assessed the SSL vulnerability and applied patches to key Google services.” Search, Gmail, YouTube, Wallet, Play, Apps and App Engine were affected; Google Chrome and Chrome OS were not.

*Google said users do not need to change their passwords, but because of the previous vulnerability, better safe than sorry.
Microsoft No No No Microsoft services were not running OpenSSL, according to LastPass.
Yahoo! Si Si Si “As soon as we became aware of the issue, we began working to fix it… and we are working to implement the fix across the rest of our sites right now.” Yahoo Homepage, Yahoo Search, Yahoo Mail, Yahoo Finance, Yahoo Sports, Yahoo Food, Yahoo Tech, Flickr and Tumblr were patched. More patches to come, Yahoo says.

Email

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

AOL No No No AOL told Mashable it was not running the vulnerable version of the software.
Gmail Si Si Si “We have assessed the SSL vulnerability and applied patches to key Google services.”

*Google said users do not need to change their passwords, but because of the previous vulnerability, better safe than sorry.
Hotmail / Outlook No No No Microsoft services were not running OpenSSL, according to LastPass.
Yahoo Mail Si Si Si “As soon as we became aware of the issue, we began working to fix it… and we are working to implement the fix across the rest of our sites right now.”

Store e commercio

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

Amazon No No No “Amazon.com is not affected.”
Amazon Web Services (for website operators) Si Si Si Most services were unaffected or Amazon was already able to apply mitigations (see advisory note here). Elastic Load Balancing, Amazon EC2, Amazon Linux AMI, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Ubuntu, AWS OpsWorks, AWS Elastic Beanstalk and Amazon CloudFront were patched.
eBay No No No “eBay.com was never vulnerable to this bug because we were never running a vulnerable version of OpenSSL.”
Etsy Si* Si Si Etsy said that only a small part of its infrastructure was vulnerable, and they have patched it.
GoDaddy Si Si Si “We’ve been updating GoDaddy services that use the affected OpenSSL version.” Full Statement
Groupon No No No “Groupon.com does not utilize a version of the OpenSSL library that is susceptible to the Heartbleed bug.”
Nordstrom No No No “Nordstrom websites do not use OpenSSL encryption.”
PayPal No No No “Your PayPal account details were not exposed in the past and remain secure.” Full Statement
Target No No No “[We] launched a comprehensive review of all external facing aspects of Target.com… and do not currently believe that any external-facing aspects of our sites are impacted by the OpenSSL vulnerability.”
Walmart No No No “We do not use that technology so we have not been impacted by this particular breach.”

Video, Foto, Giochi e intrattenimento

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

Flickr Si Si Si “As soon as we became aware of the issue, we began working to fix it… and we are working to implement the fix across the rest of our sites right now.”
Hulu No No No No comment provided.
Minecraft Si Si Si “We were forced to temporary suspend all of our services. … The exploit has been fixed. We can not guarantee that your information wasn’t compromised.” More Information
Netflix Si Si Si “Like many companies, we took immediate action to assess the vulnerability and address it. We are not aware of any customer impact. It’s a good practice to change passwords from time to time, now would be a good time to think about doing so. “
SoundCloud Si Si Si SoundCloud emphasized that there were no indications of any foul play and that the company’s actions were simply precautionary.
YouTube Si Si Si “We have assessed the SSL vulnerability and applied patches to key Google services.”

*Google said users do not need to change their passwords, but because of the previous vulnerability, better safe than sorry.

Altro

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

Box Si Si Si “We’re currently working with our customers to proactively reset passwords and are also reissuing new SSL certificates for added protection.”
Dropbox Si Si Si On Twitter: “We’ve patched all of our user-facing services & will continue to work to make sure your stuff is always safe.”
Evernote No No No “Evernote’s service, Evernote apps, and Evernote websites … all use non-OpenSSL implementations of SSL/TLS to encrypt network communications.” Full Statement
GitHub Si Si Si GitHub said it has patched all its systems, deployed new SSL certificates and revoked old ones. GitHub is asking all users to change password, enable two-factor authentication and “revoke and recreate personal access and application tokens.”
IFTTT Si Si Si IFTTT emailed all its users and logged them out, prompting them to change their password on the site.
OKCupid Si Si Si “We, like most of the Internet, were stunned that such a serious bug has existed for so long and was so widespread.”
Spark Networks (JDate, Christian Mingle) No No No Sites do not use OpenSSL.
SpiderOak Si Si No Spideroak said it patched its servers, but the desktop client doesn’t use a vulnerable version of OpenSSL, so “customers do not need to take any special action.”
Wikipedia (if you have an account) Si Si Si “We recommend changing your password as a standard precautionary measure, but we do not currently intend to enforce a password change for all users.” Full Statement
WordPress Non chiaro Non chiaro Non chiaro WordPress tweeted that it has taken “immediate steps” and “addressed the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit,” but it’s Unclear if the issue is completely solder. When someone asked Matt Mullenweg, WordPress’ founding developer, when the site’s SSL certificates will be replaced and when users will be able to reset passwords, he simply answered: “soon.”
Wunderlist Si Si Si “You’ll have to simply log back into Wunderlist. We also strongly recommend that you reset your password for Wunderlist.” Full Statement

Password Manager

 

Ne era affetto?

C’è una patch?

Dovete cambiare la vostra password?

Commento dell’azienda.

1Password No No No 1Password said in a blog post that its technology “is not built upon SSL/TLS in general, and not upon OpenSSL in particular.” So users don’t need to change their master password.
Dashlane Si Si No Dashlane said in a blog post users’ accounts were not impacted and the master password is safe as it is never transmitted. The site does use OpenSSL when syncing data with its servers but Dashlane said it has patched the bug, issued new SSL certificates and revoked previous ones.
LastPass Si Si No “Though LastPass employs OpenSSL, we have multiple layers of encryption to protect our users and never have access to those encryption keys.” Users don’t need to change their master passwords because they’re never sent to the server. But passwords for other sites stored in LastPass might need to be changed.

 

Fonte: Mashable
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